Pet Advisor Blog

American Blue Gascon Hound – Dog Breed Guide

Breed summary

Size: Large
Weight: 75 to 105 pounds
Height: 25 to 30 inches
Longevity: 13
Bark Tendency: High
Aggression: Medium
Compatibility to other pets: Low


They are the master of the scent hound breeds, an impressive title consider that this group of dogs who were specifically bred to have amazing smelling abilities. The American Blue Gascon Hound dog goes by many names. But they are famously called the Big’n Blue, the American Blue Gascon Hound dog breed was created just a couple of decades ago. They got their nick name from a hound breed which is famous for perseverance, skills on hunting prey and stamina.

Some might say the American Blue Gascon Hound dog breed is somewhat like a “cover band” for the Big’n Blue, developed originally to help keep alive the classic hounds of yesteryear. But they aren’t just a tribute dog breed; the American Blue Gascon Hound is a solid dog breed and not just a shadow of the old Big N’Blue. They are exceptionally gifted in the nose department, with scenting abilities no other hound can match. The breeders of this fairly young scent hound also made sure that stamina, ruggedness and agility, perseverance and the desire to hunt prey are high on this large hound.

Official Name

American Blue Gascon Hound
This hound breed is also called as the Big N’ Blue, Old Fashioned Blue Tick, Old Time Blue (Tick) or simply as the Big’n blue.


Date – 1976
Country: USA
Family / Group – Scent hounds, Hounds


Descendants of the Gran Blue de Gascon and distantly related to the Bluetick Coonhound, the American Blue Gascon Hound is the largest and most superior scent hounds on the hound’s dog family. Their roots can be traced during the hay days of coon hunting where this outdoor sporting event was once a necessity. As the years progress, coon hunting became more of a sport than a way of living, where competitive nature forced breeders to create a far more superior hound that no dog can out-smell. The result of this if the Big’n Blue, which gained official recognition as a breed in the US in 1976.


To call these master “smellers” as hunting enthusiasts is just an understatement. They are the king of scent tracking and just love the outdoors! American Blue Gascon Hound dogs are known to be affable and sweet with their families. Talking about families, the American Blue Gascon Hounds can adapt to any family environment, there’s bound to have a perfect Big’n Blue for every household. But when in their natural elements, the American Gascon Hound dogs will turn into intense trackers, dropping their cute and sweetie traits in the pursuit of their prey.

Bred For

Developed to be the master smellers among all scent hound breeds. They are gifted with highly developed noses.


This breed is best suited to a home with a large fenced yard. Apartment living conditions are not recommended.


Home pets require average grooming of once a week. If used for their original purpose, this master smeller can get quite dirty during the hunt.


Be prepared to spend a lot of time socializing and training your American Blue Gascon Hound. This dog is intelligent and easy to train, but they’re also more energetic than most people realize. They do have a high prey drive, but appropriate training can help control these tendencies.


Like many of the hounds, the American Blue Gascon Hound has its own set of health problems. Many dogs suffer from hip dysplasia, heart problems, and hypothyroidism. Ear problems are common with many flop-eared dogs, and this particular hound can suffer from skin issues throughout its life. Talk to your breeder about the problems they’ve encountered in their breeding program and make sure you have a good veterinarian.


As pets, American Blue Gascon Hound dogs should have avenues to suitably burn off their high energies. Keeping their energy levels manageable can be done by taking them running twice a day.



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