Pet Advisor Blog

Canaan Dog – Dog Breed Guide

Breed summary

Size: Medium
Weight: 35 to 55 pounds
Height: 19 to 24 inches
Longevity: 15
Bark Tendency: Medium
Aggression: Low
Compatibility to other pets: Medium

Adopt a Canaan Dog, Dog Breed Guide


The Canaan Dog is a medium to large, strong, and squarely built dog that is among the most ancient dog breeds still existing today! This dog breed is so ancient; it came with the Israelite people during their Exodus towards the promise land, Canaan.

Official Name

Canaan Dog
Other Name – Kelev K’naani,


Date – Ancient Times / Country – Israel
Family / Group – Pariah, Herding, Southern

Recognized By

Continental Kennel Club
Fédération Cynologique Internationale
American Kennel Club
Canadian Kennel Club
Canadian Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
Canaan Dog Club of America
Kennel Club
The Canaan Dog Club
Israel Canaan Dog Club of America
Australian National Kennel Club
American Pet Registry, Inc.
American Canine Registry
Dog Registry of America, Inc.
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.


The Canaan Dog breeds can trace its origins as far back as the biblical times. They are the descendants of ancient wild dogs that have lived around the areas known today as Israel. Back then it is called the land of Canaan. Settlers of this fertile area used these dogs primarily as livestock herders and guard dogs. During the Israelites exodus out of their native land, Canaan Dogs evolved into feral pariah dogs that live on the edges of the civilized world. A big number of these dogs were taken the desert living nomads called the Bedouins. They found that these dogs are great in flocking their livestock as well as reliable guardians of their camps. By the early 20th Century, Canaan Dogs were fully domesticated and has been used as a military dog in several wars and armed conflict starting from World War II. These herding and guarding dogs are also great in detecting land mines detectors, in search and rescue operations and also as messengers.


The Canaan Dog breed is natural guardian. They will react to any provocation made towards them, their territory of their master’s property. Strangers are treated differently. These dogs will be wary when unfamiliar faces are around, may it be humans or animals. They are suspicious on all strangers, may it be humans or animals. These ancient dogs are devoted towards their family and will show affection and care. They are always vigilant and very alert.

Bred For

Various tasks including but not limited to search and rescue, war sentry, messenger, mine detector, tracker, herder, guard and a guide for the blind.


The Canaan Dog will do okay in an apartment if it gets enough exercise. The Canaan Dog will do best with at least an average-sized yard


They are naturally clean dogs with no bad odor even if not bathed for weeks. Grooming is easy. This breed is a seasonally heavy shedder.


These dogs are very easy to train.


The Canaan Dog is a generally healthy breed. One heath issue may spring out and that is the common hip dysplasia


Sitting around the house with nothing to do will not do with the Canaan Dog. They are natural working dogs that need a lot of exercise both mentally and physically. Long daily walks, daily jogging and herding exercises are recommended.