Pet Advisor Blog

Dalmatian – Dog Breed Guide

Breed summary

Size: Large
Weight: about 55 pounds
Height: 20 to 24 inches
Longevity: 12
Bark Tendency: High
Aggression: Low
Compatibility to other pets: Medium

Adopt a Dalmatian, Dog Breed Guide


The Dalmatian is a large, muscular and square dog known for its superior stamina, strength and those trademark black dots on white coating. They are global icons as the official mascot of firefighters around the world. These dogs also got their share of glitz and fame, being the lead star of the classic novel turned Disney movie 101 Dalmatians. But there is one thing that tops all that when it comes to this dog breed. Dalmatians love to run! They are speed demons with affinities to cars, joggers and horses on the move!

Official Name

Other Name – Dalmatiner


Date – / Country – Great Britain
Family / Group – Companion, Non-Sporting

Recognized By

Continental Kennel Club
Fédération Cynologique Internationale
American Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
Kennel Club of Great Britain
Canadian Kennel Club
Australian National Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
American Pet Registry, Inc.
American Canine Registry
Dog Registry of America, Inc.
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.


The specific time and origin of the Dalmatian dog breed has been lost in history. But during the 18th century, records of these dogs were noted in parts of the Great Britain. Back then, they were recorded as working dogs used coach dogs. Not for coach cart pulling, but for guarding the coach passengers. They were developed to tolerate people and horses alike, making them perfect travel companions.

Their instinct to be friendly with horses eventually linked them to the horse-drawn fire engines during that era. It has led to the Dalmatian’s reputation as a fireman’s pet. Up to this day, firefighters around the world use these dogs as their official mascots and symbol to promote fire prevention.


Active, lively and strong, the Dalmatian is known to be a dog that loves to run! So much so that these dogs will always run alongside (or chase) cars, joggers and other animals on the move! They are a breed that is wary with strangers but friendly and affectionate toward its friends. These dogs also make excellent watchdog as well as workers for their strong work drive. But can be very stubborn so training them early with firm and consistent hands is a must to bring the best out of this breed!

Bred For

Various purposes including mascot for firemen, war sentinel, draft dog, circus performer, vermin hunter, fire-apparatus follower, bird dog, trail hound, retriever, and shepherd and as a guard dog.


Dalmatian dogs are not the ideal pet for apartment dwellers. They require homes with at least an average sized yard. These dogs are not suited in cold weather conditions.


This is a dog breed that is known to shed all year round. Thankfully they only shed heavily twice a year and have no odor.


One of the few breeds of dogs that are considered to be trainable to a high degree of obedience. Generally, training is not that difficult and should be done with firm and consistent hands.


Possible health issues to be concerned with the Dalmatian dog breed are their high tendency to be deaf, epilepsy, hip dysplasia, kidney and bladder stones and skin allergies.


The universal mascots of firefighters, Dalmatians are superbly strong dogs with impressive stamina and a high level of energy jam-packed inside their muscular and lean bodies. Brisk daily long walks or jogging sessions should be done. They love to run and should be an activity that should be constant on their daily schedule.