Pet Advisor Blog

German Pinscher – Dog Breed Guide

Breed summary

Size: Medium
Weight: 25 - 35 pounds
Height: 16 - 19 inches
Longevity: 14
Bark Tendency: High
Aggression: Medium
Compatibility to other pets: Medium

Adopt a German Pinscher, Dog Breed Guide


Not exactly as big as the Doberman, but not as tiny as the Miniature Pinscher, the German Pinscher is just about perfect in all angles. Also known as the Smooth-Haired Pinscher, Standard Pinscher, German Pinscher or simply Pinscher, this German native Terrier may be smaller than most terriers and German dog breeds, but they play big roles in the development of other dog groups including the Doberman and the Miniature Pinscher.

Official Name

German Pinscher
Other Name:
Standard Pinscher
Smooth-Haired Pinscher


Date 1879’s / Country – Germany
Family / Group: Terrier, Working

Recognized By

Continental Kennel Club
Fédération Cynologique Internationale
Kennel Club of Great Britain
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
Australian National Kennel Club
American Pet Registry, Inc.
American Kennel Club
American Canine Registry, Dog Registry of America, Inc., North American Purebred Registry, Inc.


The German Pinscher dog breed is the official ancestors of two Pinscher varieties. These are the Miniature Pinscher and the Doberman Pinscher. It is believed that this old German dog breed originates as far back as the 17th Century. Officially they are recognized as a purebred only in the late 1870’s. These dogs were developed for two reasons: to hunt and kill vermin and to be as guard dogs for their owners’ family and properties. After centuries of thriving as a guard dog and vermin hunter, the German Pinscher nearly became extinct after their population declined as an offset of the two World Wars in first half of the 20th century. Their numbers became so low that the modern day German Pinscher dogs are the offspring of one pair! Today, Germans and other huntsmen and sportsmen still used them as hunting companions. They are also gaining popularity as being ideal companion pets.


The German Pinscher is bright, self-assured, courageous, and occasionally can be quite scheming. It makes a superb companion but can be overprotective of its master and their possessions. The German Pinschers are dogs that can be considered very territorial because of this. These dogs can be lighthearted and high-spirited well into their adult years. Despite of the sinister small dog syndrome hype, they are excellent with older children.

Bred For

Various purposes including being a vermin destroyer, herding livestock, watchdog, guard dog and family pet.


They are quite flexible when it comes to living conditions. The German Pinscher will do okay in an apartment if it is sufficiently exercised. It should have a tightly fenced-in yard.


he strong, smooth, glossy coat requires little grooming.


It responds very well to obedience



Eye Problems and hip dysplasia are the two top health issues concerning the German Pinscher.


The German Pinscher requires a lot of exercise. This breed needs to be taken on a daily, brisk, long walk or jog.