Pet Advisor Blog

German Spitz – Dog Breed Guide

Breed summary

Size: Small to Medium
Weight: Both males and females: 7 - 44 pounds
Height: Both males and females: 7 - 22 inches
Longevity: 15
Bark Tendency: Low to Medium
Aggression: Low to Medium
Compatibility to other pets: Low to Medium


There are three different varieties of German Spitz dogs:

  • The Grossspitz or Giant German Spitz
  • The Mittelspitz or Standard German Spitz also called as the Medium German Spitz
  • The Kleinspitz or Toy German Spitz or also known as the Small or Miniature German Spitz

The German Spitz dogs are happy, alert and loving dogs that will make sure to put a smile on your face. In addition, they are affectionate and they will enjoy in their owner’s company.

Official Name

German Spitz
Other Name:
Giant German Spitz
Standard Spitz
Medium Spitz
Miniature Spitz
Small German Spitz
Dwarf German Spitz
Klein spitz


Date / Country –  Germany, The Netherlands, and Poland
Family / Group – Spitz, Northern

Recognized By

Australian National Kennel Council
American Kennel Club
America’s Pet Registry, Inc.
American Canine Registry
Canadian Kennel Club
Dogs New Zealand (formerly New Zealand Kennel Club)
Continental Kennel ClubDog Registry of America, Inc.
Kennel Club of United Kingdom
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
National Kennel Club
United Kennel Club



The German Spitz dog breed is available in three or five size varieties depending on what area of the world you are in. These varieties have various countries and dates of origin.

In general, German Spitz dogs are considered to be one of the oldest dog breeds native to Central Europe. These dogs were originally bred in Germany and are believed to be descendants of the ancient Spitz that existed during the time of the Stone Age.

These ancient dogs are recognized as one of the primary ancestors of modern-day Akita dogs and the Chow Chow. Also, they are the original version of the American Eskimo Dog, an American breed that was once called German Spitz but changed the name when they were brought to the United States.


This dog is a generally fun and loving dog breed. The German Spitz is naturally very gentle and will be friendly towards everyone including children and other dogs. Also, they will get along well with other animals and household pets. In addition, German Spitzes have a high level of intelligence as well as the eagerness to learn. Therefore, this makes them one of the most trainable dog breeds today.

Bred For

Wolfspitz was originally bred to be watch and companion dogs on barges and boats as well as farms.
Grossspitz and Kleinspitz dogs have always been bred and used as a companion dog.

Zwergspitz was originally bred to herd sheep and Mittelspitz was originally bred and used as a resourceful farm working dog.


All German Spitz varieties are good for apartment life. In other words, these dogs will be happier if kept indoors close to their owners and family.


All varieties should be regularly groomed. There are some dogs that will not like grooming sessions and should be trained to develop a tolerance for it. However, the German Spitz should be brushed twice or more per week. This way, their coat will stay healthy and shiny.


Most Spitzes will be feisty and willful dogs that will make training sessions a bit difficult. The key is positive, firm and consistent training method that will make these dogs well trained.

In addition, as for any dog breed, early age socialization and training will make them become happy and mentally healthy grown-up dogs.


In general, all of them are very healthy dogs. The Wolfspitz may be affected by hip dysplasia, luxating patellas (trick knee), epilepsy, Cushing’s disease, primary hyperparathyroidism, and hypothyroidism. These medical problems may occur but is not common.


The Grossspitz, Mittelspitz, and Kleinspitz should be taken out for walks or jogging every day. To sum up, these are dogs that will be perfect companions on 20-mile walks or 1-mile jogging sessions. In other words, the Zwergspitz should be given half an hour of exercise every day. However, the Wolfspitz does not require a great deal of exercise. But, as for any dog, everyday walk won’t heart them.