Pet Advisor Blog

Newfoundland – Dog Breed Guide

Breed summary

Size: Giant
Weight: 130 - 150 pounds
Height: 27 - 29 inches
Longevity: 10
Bark Tendency: Low
Aggression: Low
Compatibility to other pets: High

Adopt a Newfoundland, Dog Breed Guide


The Newfoundland dog breed is known in its native Newfoundland as the Gentle Giant. This is because of the dog breed’s impressive obedience and docile nature towards people, especially children of all ages.

Official Name

The Gentle Giant dog breed of Newfoundland is fondly called by locals and lovers of the breed as the Newf or the Newfie.


Date – official recognize as a distinct dog breed in 1886
Country – Canada
Family / Group – Guardian, Working, Mastiff

Recognized By:
Newfoundland Club of America
Continental Kennel Club
Fédération Cynologique Internationale
American Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
Kennel Club of Great Britain
Canadian Kennel Club
Australian National Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
American Pet Registry, Inc.
American Canine Registry
Dog Registry of America, Inc.
North American Purebred Registry, Inc


Newfoundland dogs originated from Canada and their precise date of original is quite unclear. Dog experts believe that they are the descendants of the first Great Pyrenees which were brought to the eastern coast of Canada. They were bred to be drafting dogs and as a multipurpose utility dog by the fishermen and farmers of Newfoundland, Canada. It was developed as a drafting and general working dog on the island of Newfoundland, off the coast of eastern Canada. These dogs are impressive
when towing lines and nets during water rescue operations.


The Newfoundland dog breed is known to display gentleness and excellent behavior when around children. They are dogs that just love the water. These dogs are famous for attempting to rescue swimmers even if they are not in need of rescuing.

Bred For

The Newfoundland is bred to be athletes for water trials, competitive obedience, weight pulling and carting. They are also kept as dogs for backpacking, watchdogs and guardians.


Newfoundland dogs can do well in apartment living conditions provided that their owners give them sufficient exercise sessions. These are dogs that would be better in colder climates.


Newfoundlands have relatively moderate grooming needs. Their thick and coarse double coats require special attention. These are dogs that shed two times a year.


Newfoundland dogs are very good students. They are dogs that are very easy to train. So easy that they can learn housebreak training on their own.


This dog breed is plagued by numerous medical conditions from various skin allergies, to the common canine conditions that are hip and elbow dysplasia and even hypothyroidism. They are at high risk on acquiring a genetic disease known as the SAS or sub-aortic stenosis. They are also high rick on being obese. Gastric torsion various minor eye problems does occasionally occur. Newfoundland dogs are also plagued with the Von Willerbrand’s Disease.


Newfoundlands are giant dogs that are very gentle. They will be lethargic and should be taken on walks every day to stay fit.