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Persian Sighthound – Dog Breed Guide

Breed summary

Size: Medium to Large
Weight: Varies from the different dog breeds under this group
Height: Varies from the different dog breeds under this group
Longevity: 12
Bark Tendency: Low
Aggression: Medium
Compatibility to other pets: High

Introduction

There are three dog breeds that can be considered members of the Persian Sighthound dog family:

  • The Afghan Hound
  • The Saluki
  • The Tazi

Official Name

Persian Sighthound
The dog breeds under the Persian Sighthound dog family are popularly called the Afghan Hound, Saluki and Tazi dogs. These dog breeds are also called Persian Greyhounds.

Origin

Date

  • Ancient times for the Afghan Hound and Tazi dog breeds
  • 6th Century B.C.E for the Saluki dog breed

Country

  • Afghanistan for the Afghan Hound
  • Middle Eastern Region for the Tazi Dog
  • Parts of Mesopotamia now known as Iraq and Iran – for the Saluki Dog

Family / Group – Sight Hound, Greyhound, Southern

History

  • The Afghan Hound

The Afghan Hound is a dog breed that is considered to be one of the most ancient breeds there is. So ancient that there is an urban legend that Afghan Hounds are the dog that Noah took on his Ark. This breed was also mentioned in ancient Egyptian papyrus! Plus, there are cave drawings of the Afghan Hound found in Northern Afghanistan that dates back 4000 years old! They were bred to hunt down large game animals such as gazelles and even leopards. Flashy as their coats and stance are, the Afghan Hound was developed to do their hunting in the rugged terrains of Afghanistan’s wilderness. Today they are popularly known for being competitive and super glamorous show-dogs and have earned a reputation as the supermodel of the dog world.

  • The Saluki

The Saluki dog breed originated in the Middle East and is considered to be one of the most ancient dog breeds still existing today. Although this dog breed’s precise date of origin is unknown, it is widely believed that the Saluki has been in existence since the 6th-century B.C.E. They were bred and used in the land covering ancient Mesopotamia, now known as Iraq and some parts of Iran. Tribesmen of this region bred Saluki dogs as hunters of the various games including hares and gazelles. Today, the Saluki dogs that are bred in the Middle East are still used for their original hunting purposes. Those that are bred in the United States are bred popularly as companion pets.

  • The Tazi

The Tazi is a dog breed that has been used across the desert regions along the Caspian Sea, specifically in the areas of Kirbiz. This breed was bred and used to hunt fox, hare, marmot, boars, gazelles and even wolves and wildcats. The Tazi dog is a natural sighthound but it has a very developed sense of smell. This dog breed is so prized in its native region because it has actually helped their owners from dying of starvation.

Personality

  • The Afghan Hound

It is really easy to adopt an Afghan Hound for their luxurious aura. They may seem confident, but these dogs are considered shy towards strangers. At home, this beautiful creature can be easier going. They have been known to be humorous, relaxed and very affectionate with her owners and co-pets as well.

  • The Saluki

The Saluki dogs are sighthounds that thrive in human companionship. They are not needy but are known to be emotionally sensitive. These are alert and intelligent dogs that love to run. When at home, Saluki dogs are calm, mild-mannered and often display unyielding affection towards their human family.

  • The Tazi

The Tazi dog is a dependable hunting dog that can be efficient in hunting all types and sizes of prey. They are brave and strong-willed and also known to sacrifice their own lives to save their masters. These are very fast dogs and endure running at the same speed across very long distances. They can hit a top speed of 40 miles per hour and can maintain a 25 miles per hour speed for a distance of 3 miles. These dogs are more agile than the English Greyhounds, but unlike the latter breed, the Tazi dogs can make sharp curves with relative ease. These dogs also have great anticipation, a trait that is very useful when chasing prey in areas filled with bushes and trees. The Tazi dogs are gentle, non-aggressive and will rarely bark.

Bred For

  • The Afghan Hound

The first Afghan hounds were bred to be hunters, herders and also as watchdogs. Today they are groomed as luxurious pets and this breed is considered among the top show-dog breed competitors.

  • The Saluki

Saluki dogs were originally bred as hunters of the various games including hares and gazelles.

  • The Tazi

The Tazi dogs are hunting dogs that can go after all types and sizes of game. These dogs were also used as herders and watchdogs. Today, most Tasy dogs are kept and groomed as luxury pets and show dog competitors.

Environment

  • The Afghan Hound

The Afghan hound is not exactly an apartment type of dog. Inside the house, Afghans are often inactive.

  • The Saluki

Saluki dogs are not suited for city life and they will not be great apartment pets. Cold climate is not preferred. The ideal home of these dogs is rural homes with spacious open ground and warm weather conditions.

  • The Tazi

The Tazi is not suitable to keep as an apartment dog.

Grooming

  • The Afghan Hound

The Afghan Hound is a demanding dog breed when it comes to grooming. This is a dog that should be groomed every day.

  • The Saluki

The Saluki is considered to be an odor-free dog that is very easy to groom. These dogs shed hair in average amounts.

  • The Tazi

The Tazi dog will be a high maintenance dog when it comes to grooming. They should be groomed and attended to every day.

Training

  • The Afghan Hound

When training an Afghan Hound, train with a gentle hand. It is advised to get an experienced dog trainer who knows how to be gentle during training sessions.

  • The Saluki

The Saluki can be trained to a certain degree but would not be a fully trained dog especially in obedience. They are free-spirited dogs that will not be focused on training. To have them learn a few of the basics, a gentle, firm and confidence training method should be used on these dogs.

  • The Tazi

This dog breed is known to be somewhat difficult to train. The key to having the Tazi dog well trained is a gentle training method.

Health

  • The Afghan Hound

Afghan Hounds are prone to hip dysplasia. There are also incidents of death due to respiratory paralysis (Necrotic myelopathy). Important: These breeds are sensitive to tranquilizers, cortisone and anesthesia! Common ailments: Elbow and Hip dysplasia, Ear mites, Yeast Problems, Hypothyroidism, High sensitivity to chemical preparations such as anesthesia, cortisone.

  • The Saluki

These are dogs known to be beleaguered by a variety of hereditary eye problems and numerous kinds of cancers. This breed is prone to get sunburned particularly on and around the muzzle area.

  • The Tazi

The Tazi hounds are very susceptible to develop hip dysplasia.

Exercise

  • The Afghan Hound

Get ready for daily long walks or jogging sessions when you adopt an afghan hound. This breed needs to stretch her legs everyday! Their ability to leap great heights makes it important to keep them on a leash while out in public!

  • The Saluki

The Saluki dog breed is one of the athletes of the dog universes. They require lots of exercise sessions such as long and brisk walks, jogging and running every day.

  • The Tazi

The Tazi hound is also a high maintenance dog when it comes to exercise needs. These dogs require to be taken out for long walks and jogging every day.

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