Pet Advisor Blog

Roman Rottweiler – Dog Breed Guide

Breed summary

Size: Giant
Weight: Males: at least 120 pounds; Females: at least 80 pounds
Height: Males: at least 26,5 inches; Females: at least 24,5 inches
Longevity: 12
Bark Tendency: Medium
Aggression: Low to Medium
Compatibility to other pets: Low to Medium


The Roman Rottweiler is considered to be the re-creation of the original and ancient Rottweiler dogs. It has a large, impressive, heavy and robust body. In addition, the coat of the Roman Rottweilers is very thick and ranges from smooth to plush.

The Roman Rottweiler is available in four sizes :

  • Small Roman Rottweilers – 26 1/2 inches to 27 inches
  • Medium Roman Rottweilers – 271/2 inches
  • Large Roman Rottweilers – 28 to 29 inches
  • Extra Large Roman Rottweilers – 30 inches and above

Official Name

Roman Rottweiler
Other names: the Roman Utility Molosser.


Date – Ancient Times
Country – Germany
Family / Group – Mastiff, Flock Guardian

Recognized By:

International Roman Utility Molosser Registry
Academic Kennel Records
Continental Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America, Inc.


Regardless of the various theories that are circulating, the most accepted history of this breed is that this is the re-creation of the ancient and original Rottweiler that are the forefathers of the modern and relatively smaller German Rottweiler dogs.

The original Roman Rottweiler is an ancient breed that was first described in the annals of history during 74 A.D. They were used by the Roman Legion to protect and drive cattle that fed the Roman Empire’s army as all during their European campaign. In other words, this huge mastiff dogs were developed to be strong and healthy enough to work in the harshest conditions and toughest terrains. In addition, they were also used by the Roman Legion to be warrior dogs as well as in dogfighting.

That is to say, to re-create the Roman Rottweiler of antiquities, Tibetan Mastiffs and Italian Mastiffs were crossed. They are closely related to the Bernese mountain dog, the Boxer and the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog.


The Roman Rottweiler is a calm, confident, trainable and athletic dog. These large dogs are full of courage and very protective. They are reliable workers and loyal companions. Also, they are natural guard dogs that possess high intelligence.

Above all, as for any large dog, an early age socialization and training are very important. As a result, they will become less protective and opened for friendship with other pets and dogs. In addition, if they receive a regular leadership and training, they will be perfect companions for children.

Bred For

The modern Roman Rottweiler is the re-creation of the original Rottweilers of ancient times.


The Roman Rottweiler can live in apartments. But need to be sufficiently exercised. They can be very inactive while indoors. Therefore, these dogs will be happier in a rural or suburban house with a yard where they can run freely.


The Roman Rottweiler has a smooth and glossy coat that will be very easy to groom. This is a large dog that sheds hair in average amounts. Therefore, you will only have to brush and bathe them when necessary.


The Roman Rottweiler should be trained by a very experienced dog handler due to their strong and massive size as well as their intention to be dominant. Otherwise, they are very intelligent and will pick up things very fast.

As already said, early socialization and training are very important for these dogs!


The Roman Rottweiler is a large breed that is prone to ACL wear and tear. Also, they can suffer from hip dysplasia and entropion. These dogs have a tendency to snore and overeat. Therefore, the owner should control their meals.


In conclusion, the Roman Rottweiler is a huge mastiff that will require lots and lots of exercise. They just can’t get enough exercise! Therefore, these are dogs that have long walks every day as well given enough time to run free across wide-open spaces. In other words, running in the woods or open spaces shouldn’t scare you since they have no desire to run from you.