Pet Advisor Blog

Ruby Toy Spaniel – Dog Breed Guide

Breed summary

Size: Small
Weight: 10 to 18 pounds
Height: 12 to 13 inches
Longevity: 14
Bark Tendency: High
Aggression: Medium to High
Compatibility to other pets: Medium to High

Adopt a Ruby Toy Spaniel, Dog Breed Guide


Ruby Toy Spaniels is one of four varieties of English Toy Spaniels recognized for centuries as different breeds but now treated as just varieties of coats for one dog breed.

Ruby is the variety of this dog breed which has the solid red coating. These solid red toy spaniel dogs can be considered as the youngest among the varieties as it arrived much later than the other three. It got its solid red coat color from two European spaniel dogs, the Italian Spaniel which as red and white hair and the Holland Spaniel which has a black and white coat.

Official Name

Ruby Toy Spaniels
This dog breed is famously called as the English Toy Spaniel.


Date – 1600’s
Country – Great Britain
Family / Group – Companion, Toy

Recognized By:
Fédération Cynologique Internationale
American Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
Kennel Club of Great Britain
Canadian Kennel Club
Australian National Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
Continental Kennel Club
American Pet Registry, Inc.
American Canine Registry
Dog Registry of America, Inc.
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.


Ruby Toy Spaniels were originally bred to be companion dogs and remains up to this day, one of the most popular lap dog to have as pets. Ruby Toy Spaniels, together with the Prince Charles, King Charles and Blenheim Toy Spaniel dogs are four varieties of the English Toy Spaniel family which were considered as separate breeds up until the earlier part of the twentieth century. Purist breeders of this small companion breed still consider each variety as separate breeds, but officially and internationally, all four are generally called English Toy Spaniel dogs.


Ruby Toy Spaniels along very well other pets and will tolerate good children. They are considered to be desirable breeds to have as house pets for their wonderful temperament, attentive traits and quite reserved disposition with strangers.

Bred For

They companion dogs and hunting dogs for small game.


Ruby Toy Spaniels are good for apartment life. This dog does not do well in very warm conditions.


Their coat is moderately long, silky, and straight or slightly wavy, with feathering on the ears, feet, and back of the legs and tail demands high attention and maintenance. This breed is an average shedder.


They are very intelligent and can easily be taught house manners as they are sensitive to the slightest scolding.


Ruby Toy Spaniels may experience health issues that may include allergies, hip dysplasia, luxating patellas, mitral valve disease and syringomyelia.


Ruby Toy Spaniels require daily walking sessions to keep them healthy.