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Russian Spaniel – Dog Breed Guide

Breed summary

Size: Small to Medium
Weight: 28 to 35 pounds
Height: 15 to 17 ¾ inches
Longevity: 14
Bark Tendency: Low
Aggression: Low to Medium
Compatibility to other pets: High

Adopt a Russian Spaniel, Dog Breed Guide


The Russian Spaniel was originally created to be a traditional spaniel-type of dog, used for hunting and retrieving. Through the years, this breed proved that it is also very capable as a watchdog and also as a companion pet for the family. These dogs are popular to the Russian urban dwellers due to their compact size.

Official Name

Russian Spaniel


Date – Late 19th century
Country – Russia
Family / Group – Sporting, Gun Dog, Spaniel

Recognized By:
Russian Spaniel Club
Federation of International Canines
Universal Kennel Club International
North American Kennel Club
Continental Kennel Club
American Pet Registry, Inc.
Dog Registry of America, Inc.


The Russian Spaniel is gun dog that originates from Russia and is considered to be the youngest dog breed among all the Russian gun dogs. This breed started its development during the end of the 19th century and believed to be the descendants of the crosses made between the English Cocker Spaniel and the English springer spaniel.

History records their initial breeding development during the time that the Great Knyaz Nikolai Nikolaevich was given a Black English Cocker Spaniel which was then bred with the English Springer Spaniels that The Great Knyaz Nikolai owned. They were hunting dogs but were found inadequate for hunting Russian birds as these dogs are small and stocky. A selective breeding began to produce longer legged Russian Spaniels. During the 1930’s, these spaniel-type dogs grew in population was popular as urban pets rather than as hunting dogs.


The modern Russian Spaniel is a dog breed that is famous for their unmatched devotion towards their family and impressive ability as a hunting dog. It is an impressive worker when out in the field, displaying its hunting skills but will also be amiable towards other dogs. They are good natured if kept as family pets and will be reliable and dependable watchdogs if used as such. These handsome dogs will be great around children, make a good companion dog and will be easy to train for their intelligence, eagerness to please and obedient nature.

Bred For

The Russian Spaniel was bred and developed to be hunting dogs that can retrieve in both land and water and hunt game fowls native to Russia. They are also capable watchdogs and great companions for the family. They are popular as dogs for Russian urban dwellers due to their size.


The Russian Spaniel will be okay to have as an apartment dog provided that it is sufficiently exercised. These dogs will be content in homes with a small yard.


The Russian Spaniel will be surprisingly very easy to groom and will require very little time to do so. This is surprising as other spaniel dog breeds are high maintenance when it comes to grooming. These dogs shed hair in average amounts.


Training Russian Spaniels will be easy as they are naturally obedient and devoted to their master.


The Russian Spaniel is known to be prone to overeating resulting to various medical issues from gastric problems to obesity.


The Russian Spaniel maybe a small dog but it is packed with stamina and requires regular exercise. These dogs should be taken on long walks or jogging every day.