Pet Advisor Blog

Samoyed – Dog Breed Guide

Breed summary

Size: Medium
Weight: Males: 45-65 pounds; Females: 35-50 pounds
Height: Male 51–56 cm; Female 46–51 cm
Longevity: 14
Bark Tendency: Low
Aggression: Low
Compatibility to other pets: High


Are you looking for a big white ball that will be your best friend? If yes, the Samoyed is a perfect match! This breed is very powerful, tireless wearing a thick all-white coat. In addition, these dogs are very intelligent, social and very demanding when it comes to love and attention.

The Samoyed dog breed was named after the Samoyed tribe who bred and used these dogs as a multipurpose arctic working dog.

Official Name

Other names: the Samoiedskaïa Sabaka, Samoyedskaya, Sami or Sammy.


Date – Discovered during the 19th century
Country – Siberia
Family / Group – Northern, Nordic, Working

Recognized By:

Continental Kennel Club
Fédération Cynologique Internationale
American Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
Kennel Club of Great Britain
Canadian Kennel Club
Australian National Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
American Pet Registry, Inc.
American Canine Registry
Dog Registry of America, Inc.
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.


The Samoyed dog breed originated from the regions covering the Siberian Tundra. However, this breed’s exact date of origin is unclear and not properly documented in history. They were discovered by Western Polar explorers during the 19th century. These northern dogs were living among the nomadic Samoyed tribe who used them for various purposes such as hunting arctic animals, herding reindeer and also used as sledding dogs. Further, during the early 20th century, the Samoyed breed reached Great Britain where they became popular with the English aristocracy. In addition, this particular dog breed was often used for Arctic explorations and had become popular in the United States as companion pets.


This  ancient dog breed craves human interaction and will display affection and gentle disposition towards their human family. Samoyed does not enjoy being left alone. Therefore, leaving them in a backyard would hurt their mental health. However, they are intelligent and naturally lively but can be mischievous at times. Samoyed may be a hunter but it will get along very well with children and other dogs.

As for any dog, early socialization and training will make they become healthy adults.


Bred For

The Samoyed tribe bred and used these dogs for various purposes such as hunting arctic animals, herding reindeer and also used as sledding dogs


The Samoyed can be a good apartment dog to have as long as owners keep its dog sufficiently exercised. In other words, they are active inside the house and will love to run in a small yard. However, these are not dogs for very warm weather or tropical climates.


This dog has a straight outer coat and a soft but thick undercoat. Their coat can be white, but sometimes cream or biscuit-like. As they have such a rich coat, they are heavy shedders. The Samoyed is one of the dog breeds that should be given special care and attention as they require extensive grooming to keep their fluffy double coat in tip-top shape.

Therefore, daily brushing is necessary as well as monthly bathing.


These dogs are very intelligent but will be difficult to train due to their natural tendency to be stubborn. Samoyed dogs require patient and firm training methods.


Hip dysplasia is common to domesticated canines but Samoyed dogs can also suffer from this disease. In addition, these dogs are known to suffer from diabetes, skin allergies, and develop eye problems. Also, the male Samoyed dogs are prone to PRA.


The Samoyed is a breed that will require a big amount of activity to satisfy their exercise requirements. Therefore, taking them on walks or jogging every day can help maintain their health. In addition, the owner should cut down physical activities during warm weather as heat can build up under their wool-like undercoat.