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Scandinavian Lapphund – Dog Breed Guide

Breed summary

Size: Medium to Large
Weight: 33 to 70 pounds
Height: 16 to 20 inches
Longevity: 0
Bark Tendency: Low to Medium
Aggression: Medium
Compatibility to other pets: High

Adopt a Scandinavian Lapphund, Dog Breed Guide


Scandinavian Lapphunds are the dogs utilized by the Sami people living in the northern regions of Norway, Sweden, Finland and the Kola Peninsula of Russia, The Sami used Lapphunds to herd and guard their reindeers in the rugged and freezing climate of the Arctic. There are three varieties of Scandinavian Lapphund dog breeds used by these indigenous people.

They are three recognized Scandinavian Lapphund dog breeds:

Official Name



Date – Ancient Times
Country – Scandinavia (Finland / Sweden)
Family / Group: Northern, Spitz

Recognized By:
Australian National Kennel Club
Dog Registry of America, Inc.
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
American Kennel Club


Both the Finnish and Swedish Lapphunds are old breeds among the three varieties used by the Sami people. The two share common roots that are believed to be more than 9,000 years old. The term Lapphund originated from the Sami people themselves, who are called Laplanders, a term used to call native Scandinavians. These medium-sized Spitz types of dogs were important part of their lives, helping these ancient arctic people to hunt and herd their reindeer livestock, which back then was the primary way of living. Aside from herding and hunting, the three breeds of Scandinavian Lapphunds were ideal companions on the rugged and freezing far northern regions.


All three Northern dog breeds are intelligent, trainable and friendly. They can be stubborn and are known for vocalizing. They enjoy the outdoors and a cool climate.

Bred For

Hunting and herding reindeer in the rugged climate conditions of the Arctic regions.


These are neither city dwellers nor suburban home pets. They were bred to withstand the freezing temperatures of the Arctic region and are natural Spitz who is eager to hunt, herd and guard.


All three Lapphund breeds require basic care when it comes to their thick double coat. Attention will be needed during the shedding seasons; it happens during spring and fall, this is when they shed heavily.


All three varieties will respond well to positive reinforcement techniques when training. Keep in mind that these dogs are independent and have the tendency to get bored during long repetitive sessions. Keep training sessions brief, fun and positive.


The rarity of the three Scandinavian Lapphund makes them group that has not been plagued by various diseases affecting their more populous dog cousins. They are considered to be generally healthy, but some do suffer from diabetes mellitus and progressive retinal atrophy.


They are true Northern dogs who are active and intelligent. Daily exercise is highly recommended.