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Welsh Corgi – Dog Breed Guide

Breed summary

Size: Small to Medium
Weight: 25 to 30 pounds
Height: 10 to 12 inches
Longevity: 15
Bark Tendency: Low
Aggression: Low
Compatibility to other pets: High

Adopt a Welsh Corgi , Dog Breed Guide


The Welsh Corgi is a herding dog breed that originates in Wales in the United Kingdom. Currently, there are two recognized and distinct breed in the Welsh Corgi dog family:

The Pembroke Welsh Corgi is the more common breed while the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is the older variety.

Official Name

Cardigan Welsh Corgi and Pembroke Welsh corgi


Date –

  • Cardigan Welsh Corgis date back during the time of Roman Britain.
  • Pembroke Welsh Corgi dog breed was first developed  sometime during the 1100’s.

Country – Wales
Family / Group – Herding

Recognized By:
Continental Kennel Club
Fédération Cynologique Internationale
American Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
Kennel Club of Great Britain
Canadian Kennel Club
Australian National Kennel Club
National Kennel Club
New Zealand Kennel Club
Canadian Canine Registry
American Pet Registry, Inc.
American Canine Registry
Dog Registry of America, Inc.
North American Purebred Registry, Inc.


The two Welsh Corgi breeds both originated in Wales.

  • The Cardigan is believed to be an ancient breed and considered as one of the oldest dog breeds that is native to Britain. This corgi breed was first developed in Cardiganshire, Wales and originally used as a cattle herder and drover. They also served as family companions and known to be impressive ratter dogs. These welsh corgis are closely related to the Dachshund. Most dog experts believe that they are the descendants of the ancient dog breeds that were used by the Celts more than three centuries ago.
  • The Pembroke was first developed in Pembrokeshire, Wales sometime during or after the 1100’s. The Pembroke was originally bred to be an all-purpose utility dog that can herd cattle, drive bird-type stocks including ducks and geese. This corgi variety has spitz lineage in its bloodlines and believed to be the descendants of the Flemish spitz dogs that were first brought in Wales by merchants and immigrant workers.

There are several distinct differences between the two Welsh Corgi breeds: from bone structure, to size and length. The Cardigans are larger and longer. This is also a corgi breed that has more coat color varieties. The Pembroke are somewhat smaller and low-set.


Both Welsh Corgi breeds are very active and highly energetic dogs. The Cardigan is sturdy, mobile, alert, active, intelligent, steady, will not be shy or aggressive. The Pembroke is considered as a more practical working dog as they are low-set, intelligent, strong and sturdy. The Pembroke corgis are also armed with higher level of stamina and is more proficient to long working hours doing farm related tasks. Overall, the two Welsh Corgi breeds are dogs with a very strong drive to please, will be vocal and cautious towards strangers and intruders.

Bred For

The Corgis were developed and used as all-purposes farm dogs that can work as cattle herders, flock drivers, vermin hunters and farm guards.


Welsh Corgis are dogs that will be great apartment pets provided that their owners have their exercise needs sufficiently addressed.


The Corgi breeds have coats that are very easy to groom and maintain. These are dogs that shed hair heavily every six months.


Welsh Corgis are dogs naturally bred to be working dogs and will display its obedience and eagerness to please their master during training. They are highly trainable dogs.


Pembroke Welsh Corgis are very high risks on developing intervertebral disc disease and canine hip dysplasia. PRA is also more common to this breed when compared to the Cardigan.


The Welsh Corgis are naturally bred to be full of energy and with a strong working drive. They should be given vigorous physical activities and daily exercise in form of long and brisk walks, jogging and running. These are dogs that should be trained for herding related competitions to satisfy their natural herding instincts.